First is their policy focus, which means that their objective is to bring knowledge and policy making together by informing and, if possible, influencing the policy process. Think tanks conduct and recycle research that aims to solve policy problems and not solely to advance the theoretical debate. The second common characteristic is public purpose, which refers to the reason for the existence of think tanks. Most think tanks claim that they conduct research to inform the public and the government on how to improve public policy.
Their rhetoric often claims that their work is for the common good and to educate the public. Third, the expertise and professionalism of their research staffs are the key intellectual resources of think tanks and a way of legitimizing their findings. Finally, the key activities of think tanks are usually research analysis and advice, which come in the form of publications, conferences, seminars, and workshops. The diversity of organizations that fall under the term think tank has led to the creation of typologies. At least four types of think tanks can be observed.
Examples include think tanks that provide economic and political ideas for the Conservative and Labour parties in the U. The next type is the specialist tank, which includes institutes that have a thematic focus. The most common subjects are foreign and public policy, but think tanks also specialize in other issues, such as the environment. The third category includes institutes that work not at the national level but at either the regional level, such as the U.
This type of think tank bears some similarity to nongovernmental organizations NGOs. Think tanks can be distinguished from other organizations that are involved in the political arena. They are different from university units that offer courses but also conduct research. They are different from philanthropic organizations that place a lower priority on the funding of research than on the funding of actions directed to society in a more straightforward way. They also are different from government advisory organizations because they play a distinctive and unique role by providing more independent intellectual support to, or new alternatives for, public policy.
Nevertheless, there have been government research institutes—for example, in France—that are often described as think tanks. Finally, think tanks are different from pressure groups and interest groups.
This division has become less obvious, because pressure groups increasingly develop in-house well-researched critiques of existing policy. One of the most important differences is that pressure groups have a membership of individuals as one of their central characteristics. When they do get involved in research, they do it to support their campaigns, and it does not constitute their preliminary interest. Think tank. Info Print Print.
IEA's Brexit proposals: the main points
Vote Leave has also highlighted research carried out by the Institute of Economic Affairs which claimed that remaining in the EU will cost the United Kingdom at least 13 per cent of gross domestic product GDP each year. Unfortunately, it seems that those campaigning for Britain to leave do not share that principle. They are either unwilling or unable to articulate a plausible vision for Britain outside of the EU and instead resort to dodgy research to prop up their paper-thin arguments. But both Civitas and the IEA insisted that their work was entirely independent of the Brexit campaigns and their organisation reflected a wide range of views.
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UK and Germany lead EU’s think tank ranking / Data news / News / Home - edjnet
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Analysis of the connections between the think-tanks and the Out campaign reveals a nexus of right-of-centre organisations whose staff, board members and, in one case, offices are closely linked Reuters.
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Related Think Tanks in Britain and how they influence British Policy on Europe
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